What Makes a Forest a Temperate Rainforest
(four seasons) and What are the Indicators

Receives more than 80" of rain per year
Mild coastal climate
Nurse logs
Lichen moss
Spotted owls
Old growth trees
Diverse plants and wildlife
A Few of the Poisonous/Toxic Plants Found in the Park
Fox Glove: 1.5 to 6 ft. tall, leafy stems that are erect with rows of pink-purple
bell-shaped flowers, highly poisonous, affecting muscle tissue and circulation
Poison Oak: erect shrubs or tree climbing vines, 3-10 ft. tall, three shiny and
smooth leaflets, oval in shape, toxic to most individuals, reactions vary
Baneberry: few leaves, usually three basal-like leaflets, rounded
clusters of small, white flowers, smooth, glossy red or white berries;
berries, foliage and roots are all highly poisonous
Elderberry: large, lance-shaped leaflets, 5-7 branch, small, white flowers in
pyramidal clusters, unpleasant odor, bright red berry-like drupes that are
edible when cooked, stems, bark, leaves and roots are poisonous
Scotch Broom: shrub, up to 9 ft. tall, numerous bright-yellow flowers,
widespread throughout the area, pods and seeds contain toxic alkaloids
Common Trees of Silver Falls State Park

Douglas Fir: large, up to 210 ft. or taller, spreading, drooping branches, flat
needles, yellowish green, 2-3 cm long with pointed  tips (other firs include
the Pacific Silver and the Grand firs)
Western Hemlock: up to 180 ft. tall, with a narrow, drooping crown, sweeping
branches with feathery foliage, rough, reddish brown bark
Red Adler: deciduous, up to 75 ft. tall, thin, grey, smooth bark, elliptic leaves
with pointed tips, dull green and smooth
Western Red Cedar: up to 180 ft. tall, branches droop then turn upward
(J-shaped), scaly leaves, grey to reddish brown bark, aromatic wood
Vine Maple: shrub or small tree, up to 21 ft. tall, sprawling branches, maple
leaves with 7-9 lobes, small white flowers
Pacific Yew: evergreen shrub to small tree, drooping branches, reddish bark,
soft and papery, bark contains taxol (used in cancer treatment)
Other Fun Facts About Silver Falls State Park
1931: First park land acquisition of 90 acres
1933: Silver Falls State Park was dedicated
1935-1942: The CCC and WPA were present and responsible for
many of the buildings you see today
Home to the Dutch Mignone Apple Tree: a very rare and old species
Latitude: 44 degrees, 52''36" N
Longitude: 122 degrees, 38' 8" W
Receives 85" of rain per year
Elevation ranges from 1000 to 2200 feet
Fir trees comprise 85% of the forest
A piece of the last remaining temperate rainforests in all of North America
A Few of the Berries and Plants Found in the Park

Salmonberry: 3 leaflets, bottom two leaves look to form a butterfly, large
yellow or reddish berry that ripens in May-June
Trailing Blackberry: 3 leaflets, dark green, toothed leaves, white or pink
flowers, small black berries, ripen July or later
Thimbleberry: soft, broad, maple-like leaves, white flower, shallow-domed
red berries
Oregon Grape: the state flower, leathery, shiny, oblong leaflets that are
toothed, long and paired, blue berries when ripe, bright yellow flower
Salal: alternate, evergreen leaves that are leathery, shiny and finely toothed,
white to pink urn-shaped flowers, dark blue to purple berries
Redwood Sorrel: clover-like with three heart-shaped leaves, white flower,
sour taste
(Please do not eat anything on the trail unless you are 100% sure of its ID)
Trails at Silver Falls State Park

This is a designated National Recreation Trail. It includes the Canyon Trail, Rim
Trail, Winter Trail and Maple Ridge Trail for a total of 8.7 miles. These trails offer
spectacular views of 10 beautiful waterfalls:
South Falls - 177ft (can walk behind)
Lower South Falls - 93ft (drops down 185 steps and continues
behind a 93ft curtain of rushing water)
Lower North Falls - 30ft
Double Falls - 178ft (double drop, largest in Park)
Drake Falls - 27ft (named for June Drake)
Middle North Falls - 106ft (short separate trail goes behind it)
Winter Falls - 134ft
Twin Falls - 31ft (splits into 2 cascades)
North Falls - 136ft (trail drops down 65 steps, can walk behind)
Upper North Falls - 65ft

Bike Path
There is a 4-mile paved bike path that begins at the overnight campground

Horse, Hiking & Mountain Biking Trails
There are more than 25 miles of multiple-use trails

Hiking with Your Pet
A pet exercise area is in the South Falls day use area.
Pets are not permitted on the Canyon, Maple Ridge and Winter trails.
Other trails are good with pet on a leash.
Silver  Falls Interpretive Fact Sheet